The Two Witnesses

“Then I was given a reed like a measuring rod. And the angel stood, saying, ‘Rise and measure the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there.’ “

Revelation 11:1 NKJV

The Rebuilding of the Jewish Temple

In Chapter 11, our attention is focused on Jerusalem. The first thing we see is that a temple again exists on the Temple Mount, Mt. Moriah. We know the Mosque of Omar presently sits there, which is holy to the Muslim faith. Much debate has swirled around the how-can-this-be of a Jewish temple sharing real estate atop this same mountain. Regardless of how it will happen, we know with certainty from scripture that it will be established and in operation during the time of these two witnesses.

But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months. 

Revelation 11:2 NKJV

Only the holy place is measured because the outer court represents the sinful world, referred to as the Gentiles. This tells us that the Jews will once again live out their Old Testament Laws through worship and animal sacrifice, lasting three-and-a-half years. But in relation to the seven-year timeline of the Tribulation, when does this happen? We’ll answer this question at the end of today’s post.

The Two Witnesses Preach God’s Word

And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.’ These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth. And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire.

Revelation 11:3-6 NKJV

These two men (thought to be Elijah and Moses) are God’s anointed witnesses who will be the evangelists during this period of the Tribulation. God empowers them through the Holy Spirit to protect themselves from harm. Can you imagine seeing fire shooting from their mouths to kill their enemies? They will also have power to cause a worldwide drought, turn waters into blood, and produce all kinds of plagues as often as they like. Throughout the entire book of Revelation, we see God’s mercy going forth in the midst of judgment, giving every person another chance to be saved and miss the final judgment of the Lake of Fire.

The Sinful World Rejoices

When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. Then those from the peoples, tribes, tongues, and nations will see their dead bodies three-and-a-half days, and not allow their dead bodies to be put into graves. And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

Revelation 11:7-10 NKJV

Pay special attention to verse 7. Outside of the rider on the white horse (read about it HERE), this is the first reference to the beast, who is the Anti-Christ. Neither Satan nor any person is allowed to touch the two witnesses until they complete their assignment, but now we see the world rejoicing at their deaths. The entire world will watch via internet and satellite TV as their bodies lie untouched in the street, decaying. During those three-and-a-half days, the world will have its only time of merriment and partying during the Tribulation. Like a Christmas celebration, they will send gifts to one another because the truth of God’s Word can no longer torment them.

A Miraculous Resurrection

Now after the three-and-a-half days the breath of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they ascended to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them. In the same hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. In the earthquake seven thousand people were killed, and the rest were afraid and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Revelation 11:11-13 NKJV

How shocking it will be for the world to witness the resurrection of these two dead men. After they stand on their feet, God’s voice calls them up to heaven. Not only will God’s voice be broadcast over the earth’s airwaves, but the world will watch as a cloud gathers them up, lifting them into the sky until they disappear. Immediately afterward, a strong earthquake will shake Jerusalem where one-tenth of the city will be destroyed and 7,000 people will die. But those terrified people who remain will now believe in God and give Him glory.

The Timeline

The end of the second woe is a pivotal point where we find ourselves in the middle of the seven years. We aren’t introduced to the two witnesses at the beginning of their preaching assignment–we only meet them at the end. Since we know from scripture that their evangelizing has lasted three-and-a-half years, we must look back. That takes us to the beginning of the Tribulation with the four horsemen of the Apocalypse. Therefore, we can surmise that the construction of the Jewish temple and God’s two witnesses must also happen at the beginning of the Tribulation. (For further study about the Anti-Christ and the Last days, see Daniel Chapters 7 and 9.)

Let’s summarize what we know so far.

  1. The rider on the white horse of the Apocalypse is the Anti-Christ.
  2. He will make a 7-year peace treaty with Israel and her enemies.
  3. The Jewish temple will exist on Mt. Moriah alongside the Mosque of Omar. The Jews will worship there and sacrifice animals as they did in the Old Testament.
  4. The seal and trumpet judgments will also be happening simultaneously.
  5. The two witnesses will preach on Mt. Moriah, near the Jewish temple, for three-and-a-half years. Then the Anti-Christ (who has been killed at some point and then raised to life after three-and-a-half days) will kill the two men and refuse to bury their bodies.
  6. The sinful world has a short time of celebration and will send each other gifts.
  7. After three-and-a-half days, God will resurrect the two witnesses and call them up into heaven while the whole world listens and watches.
  8. A great earthquake will destroy one-tenth of Jerusalem and 7,000 people will be killed.
  9. The rest of the people will be afraid and will turn back to God to be saved.

“The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe is coming quickly” (Revelation 11:14).

From this point forward, the world will enter the last half of the Tribulation, which is the most terrible. We refer to it as the Great Tribulation. Nothing like it has even been, nor will ever be again. We will delve into those dark days in our next post.

Dear Father God, thank you that in wrath, you remember mercy. Your message of eternal salvation will be preached throughout the earth, even through the dark days of the Tribulation. May those who live in these days turn to You and be saved. We give You all the praise, honor, and glory, for You are worthy to be praised. Thank you for the cross of Christ and for His precious blood that saves, heals, and delivers us from the lying deception of the enemy. In the Name of Jesus we pray, Amen.

The Two Witnesses by Karen Jurgens, copyright ©2023 All rights reserved.

10 thoughts on “The Two Witnesses

  1. This is so powerful. I really appreciate how you translate this message in a compressible account.
    I also learnt a few more things.
    Thank you.

    • There’s a lot to keep track of, that’s for sure. It’s also interesting that when when Israel and some of her Middle Eastern enemies signed the Abraham Accords under President Trump, there was concern that this might be the peace treaty that will be signed at the beginning of the Tribulation. Perhaps this current war may be the catalyst that will kick the events of Revelation into start mode? If so, the rapture is closer than we think.

  2. I’ve wondered, and won’t know until that Day, but why so many think Moses and not Enoch? Perhaps I’ve yet to unlock the secret in Scripture, which is why it is so important that we continue to read and learn, but it seems to me that only Enoch and Elijah were taken up to heaven without first suffering physical death. I’ve wondered, if it’s that Moses and Elijah (we know) were present at the transfiguration of Christ, or that Moses represented the law and Elijah the prophets. Others have suggested that Enoch was not a descendent of Abraham. What I know is that I don’t know, and I’m okay with that. I don’t have to know all that God knows. That’s not how faith works. Regardless of who the two witnesses are, the facts within Revelation is clear. They will come, they will conquer, they will die, and they will be resurrected.

    • So very true, brother JD. In my research I’ve come across those same arguments. Also there’s the point that when Moses died, the Satan argued with God’s angels, who buried Moses, over possession of his body. Why would the enemy care unless he knew Moses’s body would be resurrected for this future assignment? But I’ve always thought it had to be Enoch because he never died, just like Elijah. Hebrews 9:27 says, “It’s appointed unto man once to die, and after that the judgment.” What was the point of God’s taking Enoch directly to heaven? I’m like you—it’s a mystery that I’m not going to lose sleep over. God is in control, and there are some things we won’t know. That’s fine by me, but it’s still fascinating to ponder.

      • Amen precious sister. I’ve long-appreciated the old military saying, “That decision is above my pay grade.” Applies in this case too. 🙂 Wonderful post ma’am. Thank you again.

    • So true, Mimi. Isn’t it interesting how the Holy Spirit teaches us different things from the same scriptures the more we read them? This time through Revelation is like that for me. Now I’m seeing over and over the mercy of God toward sinners who are headed to the Lake of Fire for eternity. His judgments are not only because He is holy and will not tolerate sin, but also because He loves each of us so much—so much that He sent His Son to die on a cross for our sins. What an awesome, loving, forgiving God we serve!

  3. Hello Karen! I love the study of Revelation 🙂 So you believe we will be here to see these things, right? I mean that’s what Jesus says in Matthew 24. I wonder why anyone thinks the second witness is Moses? I just don’t get that. Scripture says that every man will die once. Mosess already died. The only two men in the Bible who were “taken up” and didn’t die were Elijah–yes–and . . . Enoch! Those are the only two men we know of who have lived and never died (according to the Word).

    I believe they are the witnesses, and they will die and then be resurrected! Hallelujah!

    • Thanks for asking about Matthew 24, Caryl. The definition of the word ELECT may be what divides our opinions. Generally it does mean all saved people, yes, but in Matthew 24 and throughout Revelation, I’m convinced it refers to the Jews, not the Saints of the church. The church disappears after Revelation chapter 3 and isn’t mentioned until Christ’s Second Coming when we return with Him from heaven. The judgments of Revelation are to reveal God to the unbelieving and sinners and to punish sin. It’s the world’s last chance to be rescued from the Lake of Fire. Some will believe and many won’t. After the Abomination of Desolation (coming up in our survey), the Jews flee to Petra where they will be kept by God’s protection until Christ returns to earth. Those are the Elect (as well as others who have been saved during the Tribulation) in Matthew 24 who will be gathered up from the four corners of the earth in verse 31. As a reference that explains it better than I, here is a link I just found that answers the question of who the Elect are. (
      Also I agree with you about Enoch. It’ll be fascinating to know in the end who the second witness is. But I’m counting on watching from heaven, lol!)
      I’m so glad you joined in here and hope you’ll continue to. We may never know all the answers, but it’s good to explore these mysteries together in the scriptures. Blessings, dear sister. ❤️

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.